What researchers need:
- National Library of Australia (NLA) text correction volunteers who are interested in exploring early documents, such as newspapers, about Australia’s climate history.
- Keywords about extreme weather events to be ‘tagged’ in these articles via the NLA Trove database, accessible either at the library, or online from home. There is a Guide to text correcting here.
how Volunteers can help:
- Examine publications from South Australia between 1840-1860, and from Western Australia between 1875-1900.
- Tag any articles covering significant weather events and people who took weather observations, according to the keywords:
|climate||drought relief||heavy rain||high seas||evaporation|
|temperature||cattle in distress||flood||violent storm||Charles Todd|
|thermometer||losses of stock||hail||gale||Clement Wragge|
|barometer||starving stock||cyclone||squall||George Strickland Kingston|
|observatories||dry period||hurricane||frost||William Wyatt|
|fire||shortage of water||tornado||sleet||Robert Harrison|
|bushfire||poor harvest||snow||icebergs||Charles Sturt|
|drought||loss of maize||blizzard||thunder||Edward Charles Frome|
|failed crops||hot wind||thunder storm||lake level||George Ormsby|
|dust storm||excessive heat||cold weather||river level||Colonel William Light|
|hot wind||praying for rain||landslide||flood||Colonel Robert Torrens|
|heatwave||Days of Humiliation||thirst||fog||Captain Finniss|
|abundant harvest||failed crops||deluge||rain||George Stevenson|
|dry wells||sunstroke||caterpillar plague||Murray River||Sir Arthur Henry Freeling|
|heat||plague||locust plague||Torrens River||Captain James Stirling|
|arid||dry ground||lightening||Swan River||Thomas Peel|
What we’re trying to find out
We want to know more about significant weather events recorded in our early documents – such as newspapers, maps, photos, weather diaries, personal diaries, letters and more – and how fledgling settlements coped with these extremes, eg:
- How did extreme weather such as drought and floods affect early settlements in Australia?
- What were settlers’ experiences of extreme weather such as storms and heatwaves?
- How did weather extremes impact on stock and crops at the time?
How you can help our project:
- Your work will enable our research team and other volunteers to access a feed of documentary accounts of weather events during early European settlement.
- Researchers will combine these accounts with early weather station data and information from palaeoclimate records (eg. tree rings, coral and cave formations).
- This information will help us reconstruct South-eastern Australia’s climate history, so we can establish how current changes can be viewed in the context of long-term natural variability.
- This climate history tagging project will complement the excellent work of the NLA’s Trove text correction volunteers and will showcase the historical collection and its importance to our understanding of climate history.
If volunteers have any queries, or would like to provide voluntary library research assistance to the project in other areas, they can direct questions to the project team.