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Sattelite image of low pressure system off the coast of Australia

Image courtesy of NASA

2010 is the third wettest year on record, and the coolest year since 2001 according to the 2010 Australian Climate Statement from SEARCH project partner organisation The Bureau of Meteorology.

The BOM report shows that the La Niña event that is currently in effect has brought heavy rain, which has eased drought and caused recent flooding.

The report is available from the Bureau of Meteorology’s website.

Meanwhile, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has also released its 2010 State of the Climate global analysis.  According to the report, which looks at global land and ocean surface temperatures, 2010 tied with 2005 as the hottest year on record.

The State of the Climate analyis is available from the NCDC website.

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Observer George Ainsworth on Macquarie Island. Image" Bureau  of Meteorology

Observer George Ainsworth on Macquarie Island. Image: Bureau of Meteorology

An ongoing search for the logbooks of Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton has unearthed some interesting information about the early years of weather observation on Macquarie Island.

SEARCH research partner, Neville Nicholls of Monash University, was searching the Bureau of Meteorology archive for the Shackleton logbooks when he discovered a series of correspondence and a photo of the Bureau’s first Macquarie Island observer, George Ainsworth, who was on the island from 1911 – 1913 as part of the Mawson Antarctic expedition.

The photograph, almost a century old, shows Ainsworth standing next to the early meteorological instruments at the Macquarie Island station.

Prof Nicholls said the Shackleton logbooks, originally held at the Bureau, were now missing. The logbooks cover Shackleton’s “Farthest South” expedition of 1907-9. Data from the books was transcribed and published in the 1920s, before they went missing.

Prof Nicholls said it was hoped that if the original books were found, they would offer further details of the weather conditions that forced Shackleton to abandon the expedition just short of the South Pole.

If anyone has any information about the location of the logbooks, please contact Early Weather Data stream leader David Karoly, or Neville Nicholls.

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